What is Occupational Therapy?
What Does an OT Do?
Occupational Therapy Evaluation and Assessment
Occupational Therapy Treatments
What Happens After OT Treatment?
How Do Occupational Therapists Help Patients?
Types of Occupational Therapy Interventions
- Occupations and activities – These types of interventions refer to activities that can be done every day or have a therapeutic purpose. Bathing, dressing and feeding are all examples of interventions that fall within this category.
- Preparatory methods and tasks – These types of interventions involve the use of adaptive devices and techniques to help prepare a patient for a specific activity or help them reach their ultimate goal. Take for example a patient recovering from a stroke who’s lost mobility and strength in their hands. They want to be able to feed themselves. An OT may ask the patient to use therapy putty for exercises that will help them regain strength and movement in their hands, rather than having them attempt to feed themselves straight away. The use of therapy putty in this case is a preparatory intervention.
- Education and training – Education and training can be beneficial to both patients and their caregivers. Through education and training both parties receive useful information to guide through the treatment process, and in some cases, after the process. Through this type of intervention, a parent or caregiver might learn how to use and support their loved one in the use of an adaptive device.
- Advocacy – Advocacy interventions range from cheering on a patient during treatment to teaching them how to advocate for their own needs. An OT may also find themselves advocating for their patient population by serving on the board of an organization seeking to effect policy changes within the field.
- Group interventions – Occupational therapists identify opportunities for patients to be a part of a collaborative environment that will be beneficial to their treatment process, recovery and overall wellbeing.