MPP vs. MPA: What’s the Difference?
MPP vs MPA at a Glance
Average Time to Complete
MPP Curriculum and Skill Sets
- Advanced statistics
- Data analysis
- Decision analysis
- Public policy analysis
- Quantitative modeling
- Experimental design
MPA Curriculum and Skill Sets
- Public ethics
- Public policy law
- Grant writing
- Organization theory
- Management and leadership
- Human resources
- Governmental structures and interrelations
- Quantitative analysis
Popular MPP Career Options
- Public policy analysts focus on creating and assessing programs that deal with social issues like crime, poverty, crime, employment.
- Budget analysts help develop and evaluate the effectiveness of the financial aspects of an organization and/or public programs.
- Grant writers work on behalf of either public, private, or nonprofit organizations to create proposals seeking support – usually financial – from the government.
- Superintendents of schools work as one of (if not the) highest ranking figures within a school district and are responsible for decisions including personnel, curriculum, and spending.
- Environmental analysts draw upon environmental samples and data to support the protection, preservation, and remediation of the natural world. These specialists are hired in both public and private capacities to assess the potential impacts of products, policies, and other factors on the environment.
- Policy consultants organize public policy initiatives on behalf of either elected officials, private companies, non-governmental organizations, charities, or other types of public advocates. Ultimately, these professionals are called upon to build coalitions to promote specific policy goals.
- Research associates gather and compile data for their clients. The type of information provided is often specific to the agendas of the agencies, politicians, corporations, or other entities hiring the researchers.
- Intelligence analysts synthesize information from a variety of law enforcement and governmental sources to predict, mitigate, and respond to security threats.
- Elected officials with MPP backgrounds are able to leverage their educational background to create and promote sound social and fiscal policies at either the local, state, or federal level.
- Political news editors analyze and critique the facts and figures supporting public policy decisions and other governmental actions.
Popular MPA Career Options
- Leadership roles in nonprofit organizations (NPOs) or nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) require meticulous record-keeping and adherence to an array of rules and statutes. MPA-holders are often particularly valuable in these roles due to their backgrounds in administrative multi-tasking.
- Human resources managers are responsible for the hiring, placement, and development of employees in either a public or private organization. Additional responsibilities including labor relations, benefits, payment, and training could also fall within a human resources manager’s purview.
- City or town managers implement and oversee the administrative tasks required to keep a local municipality running smoothly.
- Operations managers work to assess and improve the overall efficiency of organizations’ structures, policies, workflows, and practices.
- Budget managers monitor the funding, expenditures, and overall fiscal stability of their respective organizations.